Z-Wave Repeaters cannot test FLiR Nodes using Power Level CC

The Z-Wave Power Level Command Class has a number of very handy (but rarely used) commands to test and maintain a robust Z-Wave network. Power Level CC is required to be supported by all Z-Wave Plus devices so any new device on the market supports it. The purpose of this command class is to measure the quality of each link in the Z-Wave mesh network. Naturally, some devices have good links and some have not so good links. Some devices have really good antennas and are placed in good locations, others have terrible RF antennas and are stuck inside a metal box with only one side exposed and down a long concrete hallway. Power Level CC helps you figure out which links are strong and which links are weak. Informing the user that some links are weak and giving them the recommendation to install another node into the mesh to strengthen the links and make the network robust will make for a superior user experience.

Power Level Test Node Set

The POWERLEVEL_TEST_NODE_SET command has the following parameters:

  • Test NodeID (1-232)
  • Power Level (0-9)
  • Test Frame Count (2 bytes, MSB first)

The device that receives this command will send Test Frame Count NOP packets at the Power Level to the Test NodeID. The Test NodeID will ACKnowledge each NOP that it receives. Once the device has sent all the NOPs, it will return the number of NOP ACKs were received. Simply put, this command returns the percentage of packets that can be exchanged between these two devices at the power level chosen.

Sending a few dozen packets at different power levels enables the quality of the RF link between the two nodes to be measured. Do this with all the nodes in the mesh and you can build up a view of the mesh with different colored links between them based on the quality of the RF link.

Learning – you can’t send a Test Node Set to test FLiR nodes

While attempting to use this feature, I found that you can’t send NOPs to FLiRs (Frequently Listening Routing Slave). FLiRs nodes are a special type of node in Z-Wave. They are battery powered devices that can wake up when you call them! Basically they wake up once per second and briefly listen for a special WakeUpBeam. If they hear it, then they wake up and you can talk to them. Since they are asleep most of the time they use very little battery power and have a little latency but otherwise are great for things like door locks, window shades or thermostats.

The problem with Power Level Test Node Set is that the command does not tell the device that is sending the NOPs that the Test NodeID is a FLiR node and has to send a wake up beam to it. Thus, if you send the command, all you get are complete FAILs since the FLiR node has been asleep all this time because the sender didn’t tell it to wakeup.

Sigma stated that sending an AssignReturnRoute command to the repeater to give it a return route to the FLiR node the repeater should then know the destination is a FLiR node. I tried this with a repeater running SDK 6.51.06 but the repeater still did not send a WakeUpBeam so this isn’t a solution yet.

Workaround – Send the Test Node Set to the FLiR node to test the repeater

The solution to this problem is to reverse the testing and send the Test Node Set command to the FLiR node with the repeater node as the Test NodeID. A WakeUpBeam will be sent by the controller (and any repeaters in the mesh network) to send the Test Node Set command to the FLiR node. Once that node receives the command, it’ll blast out the NOPs to the always-on repeater and then send you a report when it’s done.

Well, you can only do this if the FLiR node supports PowerLevel Command Class. Unfortunately, door lock manufacturers  move pretty slow so their firmware may not support PowerLevel CC yet.

I’ve been wanting to use Power Level CC to show some cool mesh network quality drawings but haven’t had the time to do it… yet… Stay tuned…

DrZwave Bio – IoT Expert using Z-Wave

Welcome to my blog where I’ll shed light on some of the mysteries around Z-Wave and the Internet of Things (IoT). Along the way I’ll post examples of the best ways to do things with your Z-Wave devices and some cool ideas on things you can do with Z-Wave devices. Look for reviews of Z-Wave devices and software that will make your home into a SmartHome.

I make my living by helping Z-Wave developers implement Z-Wave technology into their IoT devices. Several categories are specific to these folks and are a bit heavy in the technical details of Z-Wave so for you Z-Wave users you might want to stick to the reviews and Hubs sections. My company is Express Controls so if you need some help with Z-Wave check us out and we can help you get your product to market quickly.


Z-Wave Expert Eric RyherdI went to RPI in the early 1980s where I honed my skills soldering and writing software. My first two jobs were designing graphics workstations and some of very first (and very primitive) GPUs of the day. I went on to designing chips for video conferencing compression engines, the cockpit display of the F22 fighter, Wireless Ethernet (before it was a standard) and a variety of chips for big and mostly small companies. Most of the chip designs were done as a contractor while I was also starting my first company, VAutomation which made “cores” for 8 and 16-bit CPU as well as USB and Ethernet interfaces. I sold VAutomation in 2001 and started playing with Z-Wave in 2003. I am the 31st Z-Wave licensee (there are now several hundred). At that time I went to work for a camera chip company that Cypress Semiconductor purchased and then I moved into working for Cypress. Since 2014 I have been building Z-Wave IoT devices before the Internet of Things (IoT) was a “thing”.


Wireless IoT Expert using Z-Wave